Antique English Grocers Dairy Display PURE MILK Pail Cow Milk Maid c 1900 RARE
Brand Royal Doulton
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Here is a rare, vintage/antique English ceramic ‘CREAM’ pail with an illustration by JC Van Hunnick, c1900.
This pail has been made using a cream colored bodied earthenware. It features an image of a milk maid and a cow. It is most likely by the artist JC Van Hunnick. The design is a transfer print which looks like Prattware, with blue flowers and roses bordering the upper rim almost all the way around. The pail has the words PURE MILK in brick red uppercase lettering. It is decorated all the way around, at top and bottom, with a floral design in a plethora of colors. The cow image is on one side only. The pail has a relief around it resembling bands and has two beautifully moulded handles applied to the sides with holes which obviously were for a handle. Please study the photos.
Traditionally dairy cows were kept inside the city of London with people buying milk directly from their local owners, who had purchased the exclusive rights to an area called a ‘milk-walk’. The quality was often poor with the animals experiencing poor living environments and dreadful diets, resulting in poor quality milk, that was often further degraded by being topped up with water. In 1865 there was a massive cull in London due to the cattle plague. George Barham founded the ‘Express Country Milk Supply Company’ in 1864, bringing high quality milk from country farms overnight into London. The business prospered and in 1885 it became the ‘Express Dairy Company Limited’ bringing 30,000 gallons of milk into the capital every night which was about one half of London’s needs. He was an inventor, giving us the milk churn and other equipment for the supply, storage and refrigeration of milk, allowing him to reliably transport his milk safely and hygienically, as well as inventions for the production and supply of other dairy products. Around this time the equipment side of the business was separated and became the ‘Dairy Supply Company’ along with 24 retail dairies combined with tea shops. In 1917 the companies merged with other dairy companies to become more efficient in face of the loss of men and horses to the Great War. It is believed that this pail dates to this period, so is not marked as 'Dairy Supply Company.' Research indicates that Doulton produced much of this ceramic wear, but this piece appears to have been made by another Staffordshire pottery. These large pails would have been display pieces in the windows of the retail dairies, so were made in very small numbers.
This milk pail is being offered in good antique condition with crazing throughout. It is Large and measures about in 15-16” diameter by 12” in height.
A rare, highly collectable piece.